The European Union has reneged on pledges to help Libya fight migrant smuggling to Europe, UN-backed Libyan Prime Minister Fayez Al-Serraj charged on Tuesday in a German newspaper interview, Agence France-Presse reported Tuesday.
“Unfortunately Europe did not help us but made just empty promises,” Al-Serraj told Bild newspaper, referring to EU offers of aid to build up a Libyan coast guard, according to AFP.
“We need urgently more professional help in order to protect and control the coast,” Sarraj was quoted as saying. “Furthermore, the international community must do more to help stabilise the country.”
If Libya does not receive more aid soon, he warned, there will be more smugglers sending more migrants on the dangerous sea voyage to Europe, AFP reported as well.
EU Foreign Policy chief Federica Mogherini’s European External Action Service is currently studying an aid request from Sarraj’s government but was not immediately available for comment.
However, a European diplomat told AFP on condition of anonymity that “because some Libyan coast guard personnel are involved in people smuggling, it is indispensable for the EU to set up a mechanism to follow up on how the aid is used”.
Since late last year, the EU has trained 90 Libyan coast guard officers as part of its naval mission Sophia to fight smugglers and rescue migrants at sea.
More than 24,000 migrants arrived in Italy from Libya during the first three months of the year, up from 18,000 in the same period last year, according to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees.
Throughout the whole of 2016, a record 181,000 migrants reached Italy, 90 per cent of them from Libya, AFP indicated.
The International Organisation of Migration said its staff on the ground had reported testimonies from many Senegalese, Gambian and other sub-Saharan African migrants who said they were kidnapped and tortured before being released after their family back home paid a ransom, AFP reported the IOM as saying.
Others suffered malnutrition and sexual abuse in Libyan detention centres, while still others were murdered, it added.