Syrian government army retakes key towns on fringes of Damascus
Syrian government forces and allied militias made a swift advance into Damascus’s rebel-held suburbs on Thursday, threatening to disrupt a years-long stalemate in the war around the Syrian capital.
The development came as the U.N. envoy for the war-torn country vowed in Geneva that peace talks “are not going to be abandoned, frankly, ever.”
The envoy, Staffan de Mistura, said he was waiting to see “gestures” following a Vienna meeting of world and regional powers earlier this week before setting a target date for the resumption of U.N.-mediated indirect talks between Syrian President Bashar Assad’s representatives and opposition groups.
Fighting in Syria continued in earnest Thursday as air and missile-strikes pounded rebel positions in Damascus’s eastern Ghouta suburb, clearing the way for soldiers and Hezbollah militants to seize valuable farmland that nourished residents trapped in the blockaded area, according to two activist groups, the Local Coordination Committees and the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
An opposition media activist inside the Ghouta enclave said news of the advance is a blow to the opposition. “It is agricultural land,” said the activist of the area of the push, speaking on condition of anonymity fearing for his safety.
Opposition groups expelled government forces from the Ghouta region, which hugs Damascus from the east and south, in 2012, a pivotal development in the conflict that began as a popular uprising demanding government reforms the year before. Syrian forces, supported by Lebanese and Iranian fighters and Russian air power, responded by encircling the zone and slowly tightening its blockade. Residents and rebels inside have depended on smuggling routes and local farmland to survive.
Syrian state media, which also reported the advance, said the army took advantage of rebel infighting in the eastern Ghouta pocket to make its strike. Around 500 militants have been killed in three weeks of infighting, according to the Observatory.
The rebel ultraconservative Islam Army has dominated the enclave since its fighters expelled Islamic State militants in 2014, but has drawn the ire of other rebel factions and civil society groups for its high-handed rule.
The militia’s forceful leader Zahran Alloush, died in an airstrike on Christmas day, 2015. Tensions exploded into open warfare last month as moderate rebels and al-Qaida-linked extremists arrayed against the Islam Army.
“Regrettably, these factions aimed their weapons at each other instead of the regime,” said the Ghouta activist. Islam Alloush, spokesman for the Islam Army, blamed competing factions for restricting the militia’s movements. “It was a natural outcome,” he said of the government advance.
Thursday’s advance has displaced hundreds of families, the Observatory said.
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